By Zhou Yibo and Zhu Kangqi
At the end of September, Chinese swimming star Fu Yuanhui won the first place in a domestic swimming qualifier, but he missed the final.
In addition, Yu Hexin, Wang Jian Jiahe, Yu Jingyao, Fang Zhe and other famous swimming players were also blocked from the finals.
The reason is that the competition stipulates that among the top 16 players in the preliminaries, the top eight players in physical performance will enter the finals, and the physical test results of these famous players have not passed the test.
Many netizens find it difficult to understand why physical test results are more important than swimming results?
"According to this, do you have to run a long run before the chess game?"
The netizens who said this may not know, but they really want it.
In this year's National Chess Men's League, a basic physical fitness test was introduced.
A famous chess player needs to complete the 1000-meter run, standing long jump, sitting forward bending and other items.
After the establishment of the professional league in 1994, the Chinese Football Association will conduct a unified physical test on players before each season.
Among them, there is an item that blocked countless players-12 minutes running.
The content is very simple, just under the time limit of 12 minutes, to see how far the players can run.
In the case where the test site is the plateau sea ridge, the 3,100 meters can only be passed.
Even if this content is passed, a 5×25m foldback run is still required to qualify for the competition.
Of course, if you can complete 3300 meters in a 12-minute run, you can go straight up without testing.
However, there are not many players who can cross this threshold.
If the score is less than 2900 meters, and there is no chance to make a retest, the qualification will be cancelled directly.
2,900 meters, was also called the "line of life and death" by the players at the time.
A simple list of numbers cannot express this standard difficulty.
Some people think that this is just a "slip shovel" thing.
"12-minute running" was proposed by Dr. Kenneth Cooper, the "Father of Aerobic Exercise".
“有氧运动之父” Kenneth Cooper博士提出了“ 12分钟跑步”的建议。
亚博vip According to the performance standards, a man under 30 years old who can complete 2,800 meters is considered "very good", and more than 3,000 meters is considered "top level".
What's more, this test was also set up at the Kunming Haigeng base at an altitude of about 1,800 meters.
Even many international football players are blocked by this threshold.
In 1994, Li Hongjun, a former Guo'an player who was selected for the national team, was planted on this project and eventually lost the opportunity to participate in the A League that year.
The picture of him and Schlappner crying after the test made the headlines at the time.
More than 20 years later, when Li Hongjun recalled this experience on a show, he still sighed.
"At that time, we were also in the national team, and maybe psychologically (physical test) people in the national team were not so strict."
He admitted to the host that he did have a fluke at the time.
In the same year, Gao Hongbo, a former national team player and current vice chairman of the Chinese Football Association, moved directly to the Singapore League to play for a year in order to avoid a 12-minute run.
After , he returned to Guoan to play, only barely passed the physical test with the help of the track and field coach, and entered the League A, and finally won the Silver Boot Award.
Why does the Football Association set up this strict physical test?
In their words, the players at the time were really bad, and some players couldn't even run halftime.
So, the 12-minute running was introduced, and it was tested in the plains at first.
Wang Junsheng, the former full-time vice chairman and secretary-general of the Chinese Football Association, described the "tragic situation" in a book published after his retirement.
"About 400 players from A, B, A and B took the test in Chongqing, Guangzhou, and nearly a quarter failed. The physical fitness of this group of players is too poor, far worse than we were ten years ago."
"Many people who passed the pass lay down on the ground, panting and groaning in pain, with big beads of sweat on their faces. There were more than 100 people who had not passed the pass. Many of them were uncomfortable due to excessive force, and all their breakfast spewed out. It was terrible."
Of course, there are also players who can easily pass the physical test, such as the legendary foreign aid Cassiano of Guoan.
It is said that he had just arrived in China by plane before a physical examination, and he passed the border easily without the jet lag.
In those years of tests, he often ran the best results of the entire Haigeng, leaving many records.
Until 2000, the 12-minute running was still an event for all players to complain, but the pass rate was significantly higher.
According to media reports at the time, a total of 252 players signed up to participate in the physical test, 236 of them finally passed, and only 16 did not meet the passing standards.
However, this arrangement aimed at improving the physical fitness of the players has attracted a lot of criticism.
A veteran domestic coach once complained: "In this run, the team members had pain in their thigh muscles for four or five days. They couldn't lift their legs when shooting, and tactical training was greatly affected."
The former Sichuan Quanxing coach Milosi also criticized this physical examination system in an interview that year.
"Many players can't pass the physical test, even many national team players from the world's top teams.
"Although they may not be able to play according to the standards of the Chinese Football Association, they are still excellent players and can still play like a duck on the court. If you do this again, you will lose more excellent players."
So, will players who fail the physical test affect their performance on the court?
Yang Pu, who was promoted to the first team of Guoan at the age of 20, said, “Some players are on the court and he can score goals and run long distances with the ball. But if you let him run for 12 minutes alone, he may No more."
In 2003, the Chinese Football Association switched to YOYO physical test instead of 12-minute running.
is replaced because the requirements of YOYO physical test for players are closer to the real situation in the actual game.
What's more, the players complained about the 12-minute run.
The YOYO test requires players to perform an intermittent turnback run at an increasing speed between two markers 20 meters apart.
The continuously increasing running speed is controlled by the sound signal recorded on the tape. When the player fails to keep up with the set speed twice, the test is terminated and the score is calculated.
You need to know that a 12-minute run is just a uniform run, and the YOYO test can simulate the frequent acceleration, deceleration, sudden stops, and turning movements that frequently occur in the competition, which is obviously more scientific.
The physical test method is more reasonable, but former internationals Li Yi and Wang Qiang still raised their questions.
"YOYO physical test is a very headache for every club." Li Yi said, "because after all, when spring training comes, half of the energy and time will be devoted to YOYO."
"For those with physical difficulties, they need to practice separately, which has a great impact on the team's technical and tactical exercises and running-in."
Li Yi thinks that there is nothing wrong with motivating players to exercise their physical fitness, but it can be changed in another way.
Wang Qiang believes that the daily training intensity of players is higher than that of the YOYO test. As long as the players are trained in place, this physical test is completely unnecessary.
What's more, for players with good physical conditions, they can easily pass the game.
"The YOYO physical test is not a test at all for players with good physical conditions. As a player, I personally think that kicking depends on brain and technique, and physical fitness is the most basic requirement. If a player runs continuously Can't run, so what are you still playing?"
"Compared with foreign high-level players, Chinese players have no physical problems, but they are very poor in passing and receiving the ball."
Why does the Football Association implement such an "industry standard"?
At the 2003 spring training mobilization meeting, Yan Shiduo, then vice chairman of the Football Association, said that this was to improve the work style.
"Chinese football must have a sense of crisis. Everyone must implement the three requirements and one big training program, start with bitter words, and improve the quality of Chinese football training on the basis of strengthening physical fitness and style."
In 2011, 8 years after this system was implemented, the Chinese Football Association decided to return the autonomy to the club.
In other words, the mandatory physical test no longer exists, and players will not be disqualified simply because of physical test problems.
The reason is that at that time, many Chinese professional athletes achieved a compliance rate of nearly 100% in the YOYO physical test. This test is of little significance.
But for the physical measurement arrangements implemented by the Football Association that year, the international footballer Yang Pu still has a sorrow after retiring.
"Physical testing can be used as an item, but you must not influence an athlete's love of football because of this thing, let alone use a test to determine the life and death of an athlete."
In March this year, the Chinese Football Association officially issued a notice requiring national teams and professional clubs at all levels to carry out the "Spring Training" activity.
YOYO physical test and 12-minute running are both within the recommended physical test content.
After 17 years, the 12-minute run has returned.
However, this content is only suitable for testing the physical condition of players, and the results will no longer determine the qualifications of the players.
What's more, the physical fitness of Chinese players has long been different from what they used to be, and they were able to achieve full compliance 9 years ago.
亚博vip官网登录 Physical test is finally just a physical test.
It's just that, after ten years, Chinese football has changed from second in Asia to ninth in Asia.